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Test Code VZPG Varicella-Zoster Antibody, IgG, Serum

Reporting Name

Varicella-Zoster Ab, IgG, S

Useful For

Determination of immune status of individuals to the varicella-zoster virus (VZV)

 

Documentation of previous infection with VZV in an individual without a previous record of immunization to VZV

Performing Laboratory

Mayo Medical Laboratories in Rochester

Specimen Type

Serum


Specimen Required


Container/Tube: 

Preferred: Serum gel

Acceptable: Red top

Specimen Volume: 0.5 mL


Specimen Minimum Volume

0.4 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time
Serum Refrigerated (preferred) 14 days
  Frozen  14 days

Reference Values

Vaccinated: Positive (≥1.1 AI)

Unvaccinated: Negative (≤0.8 AI)

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Monday through Saturday, 9 a.m. 

Test Classification

This test has been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information

86787

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
VZPG Varicella-Zoster Ab, IgG, S In Process

 

Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
VZG Varicella-Zoster Ab, IgG, S 15410-4
DEXG4 Varicella IgG Antibody Index 5403-1

Clinical Information

Varicella-zoster virus (VZV), a herpes virus, causes 2 distinct exanthematous (rash-associated) diseases: chickenpox (varicella) and herpes zoster (shingles). Chickenpox is a highly contagious, though typically benign disease, usually contracted during childhood. Chickenpox is characterized by a dermal vesiculopustular rash that develops in successive crops approximately 10 to 21 days following exposure.(1) Although primary infection with VZV results in immunity and protection from subsequent infection, VZV remains latent within sensory dorsal root ganglia and upon reactivation, manifests as herpes zoster or shingles. During reactivation, the virus migrates along neural pathways to the skin, producing a unilateral rash, usually limited to a single dermatome. Shingles is an extremely painful condition typically occurring in older nonimmune adults or those with waning immunity to VZV and in patients with impaired cellular immunity.(2)

 

Individuals at risk for severe complications following primary VZV infection include pregnant women, in whom the virus may spread through the placenta to the fetus, causing congenital disease in the infant. Additionally, immunosuppressed patients are at risk for developing severe VZV-related complications, which include cutaneous disseminated disease and visceral organ involvement.(2,3)

 

Serologic screening for IgG-class antibodies to VZV will aid in identifying nonimmune individuals.

Interpretation

Positive: Antibody index value (AI) of 1.1 or higher:

The reported AI value is for reference only. This is a qualitative test and the numeric value of the AI is not indicative of the amount of antibody present. AI values above the manufacturer recommended cutoff for this assay indicate that specific antibodies were detected, suggesting prior exposure or vaccination.The presence of detectable IgG-class antibodies indicates prior exposure to the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) through infection or immunization. Individuals testing positive are considered immune to varicella-zoster.

 

Equivocal: AI 0.9-1.0

Submit an additional specimen for testing in 10 to 14 days to demonstrate IgG seroconversion if recently vaccinated or if otherwise clinically indicated.

 

Negative: AI of 0.8 or lower

The absence of detectable IgG-class antibodies suggests no prior exposure to the VZV or the lack of a specific immune response to immunization.

Clinical Reference

1. Yankowitz J, Grose C: Congenital infections. In Essentials of Diagnostic Virology. Edited by GA Storch. Churchill Livingstone, New York, 2000, pp 187-201

2. Gnann JW, Whitley RJ: Herpes zoster. N Engl J Med 2002;347:340-346

3. Cvjetkovic D, Jovanovic J, Hrnjakovic-Cvjetkovic I, et al: Reactivation of herpes zoster infection by varicella-zoster virus. Med Pregl 1999;52(3):125-128

Analytic Time

Same day/1 day

Reject Due To

Hemolysis

Mild OK; Gross reject

Lipemia

Mild OK; Gross reject

Icterus

Mild OK; Gross reject

Other

Heat-inactivated specimen

Method Name

Multiplex Flow Immunoassay (MFI)

Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a General Request Form (T239) with the specimen (http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/it-mmfiles/general-request-form.pdf).

Secondary ID

34944