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Test Code KIT KIT Immunostain, Technical Component Only


Advisory Information


This test includes only technical performance of the stain (no pathologist interpretation is performed). If diagnostic consultation by a pathologist is required order PATHC / Pathology Consultation.



Shipping Instructions


Attach the green pathology address label and the pink Immunostain Technical Only label included in the kit to the outside of the transport container.



Specimen Required


Supplies: Immunostain Technical Only Envelope (T693)

Specimen Type: Tissue

Preferred: 2 Unstained positively charged glass slides (25- x 75- x 1-mm) per test ordered; sections 4-microns thick.

Acceptable: Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue block


Secondary ID

70485

Useful For

Aids in the identification of gastrointestinal stromal tumors

Reflex Tests

Test ID Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
IHTOI IHC Initial, Tech Only No No
IHTOA IHC Additional, Tech Only No No

Method Name

Immunohistochemistry

Reporting Name

KIT IHC, Tech Only

Specimen Type

TECHONLY

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
TECHONLY Ambient (preferred)
  Refrigerated 

Reject Due To

Wet/frozen tissue Cytology smears Nonformalin fixed tissue Nonparaffin embedded tissue Noncharged slides ProbeOn slides Reject

Clinical Information

KIT (CD117) membrane protein is a type III tyrosine kinase growth factor receptor for stem cell factor (SCF), also known as mast cell growth factor. It is expressed in mast cells, melanocytes, and interstitial cells of Cajal. KIT is expressed in various epithelia (breast, sweat glands and salivary glands, renal tubular cells, thyroid follicular cells), testicular and ovarian interstitial cells, neurons of the central nervous system, immature myeloid cells, and trophoblastic cells. KIT staining is useful in the diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), germ cell tumors, mast cell disorders and acute myeloid leukemias.

Interpretation

This test includes only technical performance of the stain (no pathologist interpretation is performed). Mayo Clinic cannot provide an interpretation of tech only stains outside the context of a pathology consultation. If an interpretation is needed, refer to PATHC / Pathology Consultation for a full diagnostic evaluation or second opinion of the case. All material associated with the case is required. Additional specific stains may be requested as part of the pathology consultation, and will be performed as necessary at the discretion of the Mayo pathologist.

 

The positive and negative controls are verified as showing appropriate immunoreactivity and documentation is retained at Mayo Clinic Rochester. If a control tissue is not included on the slide, a scanned image of the relevant quality control tissue is available upon request. Contact 855-516-8404.

 

Interpretation of this test should be performed in the context of the patient's clinical history and other diagnostic tests by a qualified pathologist.

Clinical Reference

1. Lau SK, Weiss LM, Chu PG: D2-40 immunohistochemistry in the differential diagnosis of seminoma and embryonal carcinoma: a comparative immunohistochemical study with KIT (CD117) and CD30. Mod Pathol 2007;20:320-325

2. Miettinen M, Sobin LH, Sarloma-Rikala M: Immunohistochemical spectrum of GISTs at different sites and their differential diagnosis with a reference to CD117 (KIT). Mod Pathol 2000;13(10):1134-1142

3. Sarlomo-Rikala M, Kovatich AJ, Barusevicius A, Miettinen M: CD117: a sensitive marker for gastrointestinal stromal tumors that is more specific than CD34. Mod Pathol 1998;11(8):728-734

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Monday through Friday

Analytic Time

1 day

Performing Laboratory

Mayo Clinic Laboratories in Rochester

Test Classification

This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information

88342-TC, primary

88341-TC, if additional IHC

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
KIT KIT IHC, Tech Only Order only;no result

 

Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
70797 KIT IHC, Tech Only Bill only; no result

Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Immunohistochemical (IHC)/In Situ Hybridization (ISH) Stains Request (T763) with the specimen.

Testing Algorithm

For the initial technical component only immunohistochemical (IHC) stain performed, the appropriate bill-only test ID will be reflexed and charged (IHTOI). For each additional technical component only IHC stain performed, an additional bill-only test ID will be reflexed and charged (IHTOA).